Here you will
find a list of German airports to start from where "low cost".
When you click on the airport you will be routed directly to the
website of the airport. When clicking on the name of the airline
(eg Rayanair, Easyjet) guided them to appear on the website of
each airline. Faster you can not get your information!
are very different global structures. Smaller airports such as
Bremen have only one runway. At major airports (Zurich, Frankfurt
am Main) allow multiple runways, the show sometimes in different
directions, and possibly several terminals simultaneous and rapid
clearance. But you can see with all their differences, some basic
principles that are crucial to the proper functions of an airport,
namely, launching, landing and loading of aircraft and supplies
allow, can be accomplished safely and smoothly.
a strong place in a relatively small compressed air, which is
further complicated by takeoffs and landings. For this reason,
an exact line of air traffic at airports is an absolute requirement
for a safe and smooth handling. In the run-up movements of aircraft
and vehicles of all types of roll control (engl. ground control)
are monitored visually and by radar. The roll control of the airplane
passes for a start to the control tower (engl. tower). The Tower
controlled taxiways and runways for takeoffs and landings, therefore,
as well as arrivals and departures within the control zone (CTR)
responsible. The broader area of an airport is monitored by the
An-/Abflugkontrolle (arrival / departure).
Place on a busy major airport, like the Frankfurt International
Airport, the takeoffs and landings, especially in the rush-hour
times in the 2-minute intervals. Through this tight time constraints
a property is important to have all the planes in flight. An airplane
leaves its flight path by two opposing vortices, which are known
as vortices (wake turbulence Sheet). Vortices arise because done
by a pressure difference between bottom and top of a lift-producing
area that ends in an airflow from bottom to top. With increasingly
extended flaps, thus taking off or landing, as a function of weight
(MTOW) of aircraft, the intensity of tubular remaining behind
the aircraft wake vortices. The life span is influenced by the
wind and the atmosphere. The occurrence of wake vortices at airports
therefore influenced the arrival and departure frequency and the
startup sequence. The coordination of the different types of aircraft
is the responsibility of air traffic controllers at the tower.
The ICAO for example, prescribes the following minimum distances
(engl. wake turbulence separation minima) for certain weight classes:
light? light: 3 NM (C182 - C182)
medium? Medium: 3 NM (A320 - A320)
heavy? medium: 5 nm (B747 - A320)
heavy? light: 6 NM (B747 - C182)
Since the capacity of many airports because of the strong demand
for given resources and constraints is eventually exhausted, will
the airlines this narrow time window, called slots, while an airline
from an airport to land or take off can make use of an airplane.
These slots are strictly observed. The presence of slots may at
first appear as a reprisal. Indeed, this shall also promote the
punctuality of scheduled flights.
The description of the passenger and cargo terminals will not
be further implemented. It is found in more detail in handling
The major airports, with its collection of people on relatively
small space and were always potential targets of terrorists, even
more so after the attacks in the United States, 11 September 2001.
Airport security (engl. safety) refers to the prevention of occupational,
technical and threats coming from outside on the ground, while
with flight safety (engl. security) security in the airspace,
thus warding off external threats meant in the air. Considered
as external threats such as hijacking, sabotage and other terrorist-motivated
attacks or surgery. The access restrictions and security checks
at airports are among the measures of airport security, which
has a direct impact on flight safety.
Most large airports have their own police officers backed security
forces. Some countries also protect soldiers or paramilitary forces,
hand baggage on flights
tips for our passengers
For your safety, the European Commission has restricted the transportation
of liquids in hand luggage. Hamburg Airport has compiled important
information for passengers on EU safety regulations. The following
information is not intended to be exhaustive and are not guaranteed.
More information can be found at the Federal Ministry of the Interior
at www.bmi.bund.de or ask your respective airline.
A summary available for downloading in the right column.
What does the baggage-rule?
On all flights, which depart from EU airports, the transportation
of liquids in hand luggage, such as drinks, gels and creams only
allowed a limited extent. Passengers will be asked to do so as
to dispense liquids in hand luggage. Are permitted up to 100 ml
of liquids in containers that are transported in a transparent
and resealable plastic bag of a maximum of one liter. These regulations
apply to all flights to all destinations, including the United
In the baggage
liquids may continue to be given in unlimited quantities.
The individual containers (cans, bottles, tubes) in your hand
luggage must not exceed a capacity ml each 100th Containers, which
have a larger capacity, must be discarded at the security checkpoint,
even if they are only partially filled. The transparent bag can
generally include any number of vessels, but must be completely
closed off. Vessels, which can not be found only in the open space
bags that are taken away. However, the closing simple plastic
bags with rubber band or similar is not allowed.
only one such plastic bag is allowed. The plastic bag must be
unsolicited for separate x-ray taken out of the bag.
Liquids include gels, pastes, lotions, mixtures of liquids and
solids and the contents of pressurized containers, such as Toothpaste,
hair gel, drinks, soups, syrups, perfume, shaving foam, aerosols
and other items of similar consistency. As such, for example,
apply liquid mascara and lip gloss, deodorant, yogurt and cheese.
you get the transparent re-sealable bags?
Transport passengers carrying liquids in hand luggage have to
be asked to pack before their trip to the airport, the container
in the prescribed plastic bags.
The transparent re-sealable bags with a maximum capacity of one
liter can be purchased in many supermarkets as freezer bags. Are
permitted bag with a zipper, Velcro, tie or string fastener.
Alternatively, passengers can buy the bags at one of the four
prescribed Flight Bag machines at the Hamburg airport. These stand
in front of the boarding pass checks at Terminal 1 and Terminal
2 A package containing two bags will cost $ 1, -.
when a cream jar or perfume bottle contains more than 100 ml of
This cream jar or bottle of perfume may not be transported in
checked baggage. This is also the case when the cream jar or bottle
of perfume for example, is only half filled. It must be made before
the security checkpoint.
What can a
passenger do if he wants to avoid, for example an expensive perfume
in a bottle of 100 ml to have to make before the security check?
Basically, passengers should give up their liquids in baggage.
Has failed to do so may be given liquids, such as a fly with no
friends or relatives who subsequently discontinued in the luggage
be checked in, as the parcel will be mailed to your address or
stored charge in the baggage room of the airport.
to objects that are still made before the security check?
If you have any of the above options, these items in proper containers
are made, disposed of its content is from Hamburg Airport.
exceptions to restrictions on liquids in hand luggage?
Medications and special dietary, e.g. Food for diabetics, or baby
food for infants traveling, can be transported outside the plastic
bag in hand luggage, unless they are needed during the flight.
Passengers must provide the security personnel, these fluids,
and it relies on demand to the demand during the flight, eg a
true for Travel Value & Duty Free products, which were purchased
at the airport?
Travel Value & Duty Free products are security screened several
times before the sale. All products purchased by the passenger
in the security area of an airport within the European Union,
he can take in unlimited quantities as hand luggage into the aircraft
cabin. This also applies to perfume, cosmetics and spirits.
To extend the safety chain to the plane, the traveler purchases
at the checkout of the Travel Value & Duty Free Shops in the
sealed bags handed out. In addition, the customer should keep
a sales receipt with them, which proves that the goods were bought
on that day at that airport.
What is true
for Travel Value & Duty Free products, which were bought on
board an aircraft?
Travel Value & Duty Free products, including liquids, which
were bought on board an EU airline, may be carried as hand luggage
in unlimited quantities.
schedule enough time for security checks
Passengers must show not only all the fluids to separate x-ray
on the tape, but also all major electronic devices such as laptops.
In addition, jackets and coats must be extracted before the security
screening, and X-rayed separately.
Due to the increased security checks, Hamburg Airport recommends
that passengers restrict hand luggage to a minimum and to allow
sufficient time for luggage and personal checks. For domestic
and European flights are advised to arrive about 90 minutes before
departure at Hamburg Airport. For intercontinental flights a receipt
is advisable to three hours before departure.
applicable regulations for hand luggage
should be additionally taken into the cabin?
- A handbag, a small bag or wrist bag
- A jacket, cape or manta
- A small camera or binoculars
- A fair amount of reading material
- An umbrella or walking stick for the journey
- A pair of crutches or other orthopedic device is dependent on
- Additional sealed plastic bags with duty-free goods
are banned in hand luggage?
Basically, any dangerous objects in hand luggage must be taken
that are suited to hurt other people. These include:
- Weapons and weapon-objects that can fire a projectile, and imitation
- Pointed and sharp objects such as knives and scissors with blades
more than 6 centimeters, nail files, screwdrivers and bottle opener
- Blunt objects such as golf clubs, baseball and hockey sticks,
- Explosives and flammable substances such as fireworks, including
and flares, toy guns with caps, paint in spray cans and gas cylinders
for camping stoves
A detailed list of prohibited items air travel has published the
Federal Ministry of Transport.
prohibited items for air travel.
Firearms & Weapons
that is capable, or appearing capable, of discharging a projectile
(pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns, etc.)
Replica and imitation firearms
Component parts of firearms (excluding telescopic sighting devices)
Air pistols, rifles and pellet guns
Toy guns of all types
Industrial Bolt and Nail Guns
Harpoons and spear guns
Stun or shocking devices, e.g. Cattle prods, ballistic conducted
Lighters, a firearm.
2. Pointed / edged weapons and sharp objects
bladed articles capable of causing injury, including:
Arrows and darts
Harpoons and spears
Lockable or flick knives with blades of any length
Knives, including ceremonial knives, with blades of more than
6 cm, made of metal or other material that is strong enough to
be used as a weapon.
Razors and blades (excluding safety razors or) disposable razors
with blades enclosed in cartridge
Sabers, swords and sabers
Scissors with blades more than 6 cm
Ski and hiking poles
Tools if they can be used as a pointed or edged weapon eg Drills
and drill bits, box cutters, utility knives, all saws, screwdrivers,
crowbars, pliers, spanners, blow torches.
Any blunt instrument capable of causing injury, including:
Clubs or batons rigid or flexible - eg Truncheons, batons and
Kayak and canoe paddles
Martial arts equipment, e.g. Knuckle dusters, clubs, truncheons,
blackjacks, nunchaku, kubatons, kubasaunts
4. Explosives and flammable substances
or highly combustible substances which poses a threat to the health
Passengers or crew or the technical and general safety of the
pose of property, including:
Detonators and fuses
Explosives and explosive devices
Replica or imitation explosive material or devices
Mines and other explosive military stores
Grenades of all types
Gas and gas containers, for example Butane, propane, acetylene,
oxygen - in large quantities.
Fireworks, flares in any form and other pyrotechnics (including
small fireworks (party poppers ") and toy caps)
Smoke generating canisters or cartridges
Flammable liquid fuel, for example Gasoline, diesel, lighter fluid,
Aerosol spray paint
Turpentine and paint thinner
Alcoholic beverages exceeding 70% vol.
5. Chemical and toxic substances
or toxic substances which pose a threat to the health of passengers
Crew or the technical and general safety of the aircraft or property
bases, e.g. Batteries may leak, the
Corrosive or bleaching substances, for example Mercury, chlorine
Disabling or incapacitating sprays - such as Mace, pepper spray,
Radioactive material, e.g. medical or commercial isotopes
Infectious or biological hazardous material, such as infected
blood, bacteria and viruses
Spontaneously flammable or combustible material
only be carried in hand luggage restrictions in compliance with
Individual containers shall not exceed a capacity of 100 milliliters
or equivalent and individual containers must be carried in one
transparent re-sealable plastic bag with a capacity of not more
than 1 liter. All individual containers must fit comfortably in
the plastic bag must be completely closed. Liquids include gels,
pastes, lotions, mixtures of liquids and solids and the contents
of pressurized containers, such as Toothpaste, hair gel, drinks,
soups, syrups, perfume, shaving foam, aerosols and other items
of similar consistency.
may be granted if the liquid
during the voyage is used and is used either for medical or special
dietary purposes, including baby food. If necessary, the passenger
must be able to prove the authenticity of the liquid, have qualified
for an exception, or
On the airside beyond the point where boarding passes are controlled,
has been acquired, provided that the point of sale is subject
to approved security procedures that are part of the airport security
program under the condition that the liquid is in a tamper-evident
packaging and the satisfactory proof of the purchase that day
at that airport has, or
acquired in the security area of the airport was, if the point
of sale is subject to approved security procedures, which are
part of the airport security program, or
obtained at another Community airport was, under the condition
that the liquid is in a tamper-evident packaging and displays
satisfactory proof of purchase that day at airside at that airport,
on board an aircraft of an airline was purchased by the Community,
under the condition that the liquid is in a tamper-evident packaging
and displays satisfactory proof of purchase on that day on board
purchases for the access to a Community airport on board an aircraft
or an airline of the community are therefore possible. If other
security controls must be happening (especially when changing
flights at other Community airports), has acquired the liquid
to be packaged for that purpose but in a tamper-evident bag of
sale that contains a visible proof of purchase date and seller.
Section 2: Prohibited items in checked baggage
including detonators, fuses, grenades, mines and explosives
Gases: propane, butane
Flammable liquids, including gasoline, methanol
Flammable solids and reactive substances, including magnesium,
fire lighters, fireworks, flares
Oxidizers and organic peroxides, including bleach, repair kits
Toxic or infectious substances, including rat poison, infected
Radioactive material, including medicinal or commercial isotopes
Corrosives, including mercury, vehicle batteries
Have components of automotive fuel systems, fuel containing
This list serves as a guide. Since this list may change information
at an upcoming list, please additionally with your tour operator
or the airport.
Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs
List of airlines,
is banned within the EU to an operating ban
Through the efficient aviation safety standards in Europe, our
safety record is one of the highest in the world. While the European
Union and its Member States worldwide are working together with
authorities from other countries to raise safety standards, but
there are still some airlines whose operating in conditions which
are below the required level of safety.
To further enhance security in Europe, the European Commission
in consultation with the aviation safety authorities of the Member
States decided to airlines, which are found to be unsafe from
operating in European airspace.
These carriers are listed in the document below. The first list
includes all airlines, is banned within Europe to an operating
ban. In the second list, all airlines are listed, their operation
in Europe has been subject to certain conditions.
The lists are regularly updated and published in the Official
Journal of the European Union. There, they are included as Appendices
A and B to Commission Regulation. Users should satisfy themselves
that they have the latest version before they take any action
on the basis of information contained in these lists.
What are your
rights as a passenger, if your flight is delayed, the flight is
canceled, the flight is overbooked, you have booked, or your luggage
is lost? What compensation are you with flight cancellation, flight
delay, flight delays, flight cancellations, lost luggage?
as a passenger during flight flight delay and flight delay:
Based on 17
February 2005 entered into force in EU regulation, European air
passengers more extensive rights and entitlements in cases of
denied air transportation cancellations, and in case of flight
must be paid for all flights operated by EU airlines, regardless
of whether they are from an airport in the European Union or one
run in third countries. The condition is that the flight from
an EU country or to a destination airport in an EU country, even
from outside the EU will be carried out unless it is an EU air
The claim basis requires that the passenger has a reservation
at the time specified at check-in and is so far no concrete boarding
time was indicated that the passenger has resided in 45 minutes
before departure time at the check-in counter.
is delayed more than two hours and your destination is not more
than 1500 kilometers away from the airport of departure:
meals, hotel accommodation if necessary
is delayed more than three hours and your destination is not more
than 3500 kilometers away from the airport of departure:
meals, hotel accommodation if necessary
is delayed more than four hours and your destination is more than
3500 kilometers away from the airport of departure:
meals, hotel accommodation if necessary
is delayed more than five hours, regardless of the distance of
the flight target:
of fare or return to the lateness of a connecting flight
compensation and assistance to passengers in the event of denied
boarding and of cancellation or long delay of flights, Regulation
(EC) of 2 December 2004, effective from 17/02/2005:
Also new are
compensation for delays. If a booked flight delays of more than
two hours for flights of up to 1500 kilometers, more than three
hours for flights of up to 3500 kilometers and more than four
hours for longer trips, the airlines have to provide free meals
and, if necessary, a hotel overnight. For delays of five hours,
passengers between a refund of your ticket or a return ticket
can choose when connecting journeys.
Your rights as a passenger during flight flight cancellation,
overbooking or flight cancellation:
With an overbooking get back at the airport relaxed passengers
250 euros for flights of up to 1500 kilometers, 400 euro for flights
less than 3500 kilometers and 600 euros for longer journeys. When
flights are canceled at short notice and make a reservation for
this existed, is the first time traveler to any compensation.
The higher compensation as at present, only for line flights but
also for charter flights are.
as an airline passenger for lost luggage or accidents during your
journey: Since mid-2004 also apply new international rules of
compensation: The Montreal Convention dissolved the Warsaw Convention,
starting from the year 1929 and improved the rights of air passengers
in case of accident, delays and lost luggage.